Dé Céadaoin 9 Eanáir 2013

Ceacht 3 - Lig do Scíth

Ceacht 3 Lig do scíth/ Take it easy 

Lig du shkee  

This lesson is about short conversations, time/numbers and the weather.

3.0     Begin each lesson with the greetings
Dia duit
Dia is Muire duit.

Here are some more friendly phrases:

Irish               Sound             English
fáilte                fawlte                welcome
tar isteach     tor istoch            come in
lig do scíth   lig du shkee        let yourself rest

3.1     Useful expressions for the classroomIrish                Sound             English
Ní thuigim.      Nee higum      I don’t understand
Céard is brí leis? Kayrd is bree lesh    What does it mean?
Abair arís(t) é.    Obir ereeshay        Say it again.
Labhair go mall led’ thoil.  Lower (rhymes with tower) gu moll led hul. Speak slowly please
 Dáiríre?                  Dawreere                     Really?

3. 1. 2    The verb To be          Put the verb at the beginning of the sentence
Tá mé              taw may        I am       Tá muid       taw  mwid        We are
Tá tú                taw too        You are     Tá sibh        taw sib /siv       You are
Tá sé                taw shay    He/ It is     Tá said        taw sheeud      They are
Tá sí                 taw shee    She/It is
Positive: Tá                             taw
Question: An bhfuil?              on wuil
Negative: Níl                           neel

3.1.3   Vocabulary for practice:
ceart                   kyart          right
mícheart         meechyart    wrong
tuirseach        tirshok           tired
tinn               teen                   sick
bocht           bucht                poor
in am          in om              on time
déanach     daynoch       late

3.1.4 Practice in pairs: Tá mé ceart. Tá tú mícheart.
Make questions and answers with the above vocabulary beginning with An bhfuil…?
  1. A. An bhfuil tú micheart?       B.  Níl. Tá mé ceart.
  2. A. An bhfuil sé mícheart?       B.  Tá. Tá sé mícheart.

3.1.5       A conversation about your health (sláinte)

A. Cén chaoi ‘bhfuil túKayn chee wil too                                      How are you?
B. Go maith                   Gu moh                                                           well/good
Agus tú féin?                 Ogus too fayn                                                 And yourself?
A. Beo ar éigin     Byoh er aygin  (ay as in day/hard g )              Just about alive
B.Céard ‘tá cearr leat?    Kayrd taw kyar lat              What’s wrong with you?
A. Slaghdán uafásach  Sly dawn oofawsoch                                  An awful cold
B. Tóg go bog é mar sin.  Tohg go bug ay mor shin (ay as in day)         Take it easy then.
Note: Sláinte slawnte means health but it is also used before you drink: Here’s to your health.
The word for Good bye Slán slawn is related. Go well.

3.1.6 Audio conversational phrases

Listen to the elements of a basic conversation here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BmoCUCBCzs
All you need for now is #1
#1. Basic greeting (Hello) 0:00-0:12
A. Dia dhuit
B. Dia ‘s Muire dhuit
#2. How are you? Literal translation:  Which way are you? 0:13- 0:34
A. Cén chaoi’ bhfuil tú?
Bi: Níl aon caill orm. There’s no loss on me. (I’m fine).
Bii: Tá mé togha. I’m great.
Biii: Tá mé thar cinn. I’m over my head (like walking on air – I’m excellent).
Biv: Níl aon corr orm  There’s no oddness on me. (I’m fine)
Bv: Níl aon ceall orm. There’s not a bother on me. ( I’m fine)

3.1.7     A conversation for getting to know someone

A. Cé hé tusa?                         Kay hay tusa                           Who are you?
B. Is mise …                           Is mishe                                   I’m…
Agus tusa?                              Ogus tusa                                And you?
A. Is mise …                           Is mishe                                   I’m…
Cé as thú?                               Kay os hoo                              Where are you from?
B. As ………. mé.                  Osmay                                 I’m from…
Cé as thú féin?           Kay os hoo fayn                   Where are you from yourself?
A. As ………. mé.                  Osmay                                 I’m from…
Try the conversation with a partner and switch roles to practice both parts.

3.1.8 There are three expressions for ‘knowing.’
  1. Aithne ahne is used for knowing people or places.
  2. Fios fis or fhios is is used for knowing other information.
  3. Eolas ohlus  is used for having information about something.
Here are examples of how this works. For now just note the different uses.
  1. An bhfuil aithne agat ar Úna? Do you know Úna?
Tá aithne agam uirthi. I know her.
  1. An bhfuil a fhios agat cá bhfuil Peader? Do you know where Peader is?
Tá ‘ fhios agam I know/ Níl fhios agam. I don’t know.
  1. An bhfuil aon eolas agat faoin timpiste? Do you have any information about the accident?
Níl tada ar eolas agam faoi. I don’t know anything (nothing) about it.

3.1.9   Nouns                         Ainmfhocail

*lower rhymes with tower
an leabhar              *on lower              the book
cóipleabhar            kohplower         notebook
iris                              irish                  magazine
foclóir                        fuklohr              dictionary
páipéar                   pawpayr             paper
litir                            litir                      letter
peann                     pyon                      pen
peann luaidhe        pyon looee         pencil
mála                      mawle                  bag
doras                    durus                     door
cathaoir              koheer                    chair
fuinneog             fwinyohg              window
solas                    sulus                      light
clog                      klug                          clock
clárdubh            klawrduv            blackboard
uaireadóir       oorudohr              watch
bosca                busku                     box
eochair            uhchur                    key
Here and there:
anseo                onsho                   here
ansin                 onshin                 there
an                                on                 the

Challenge:  With a partner ask questions and give answers to them.
  1. A. Cá bhfuil an leabhar?
  2. B. (Pointing) Tá sé anseo.
Do as many as you can. Good luck!

3.2       Time   (Review and development)

Am                              Om                              Time
Cén t-am é?                 Kayn tom ay          What time is it?
clog                             klug                             clock
a chlog                           a chlug                       o’clock
Add Tá sé a  before and a chlog after these numbers to turn them into a time.
  1. a haon              a hayn
  2. a dó                 a doh
  3. a trí                  a tree
  4. a ceathair         a kahir
  5. a cúig              a kooig           
  6. a sé                  a shay
  7. a seacht           a shocht
  8. a hocht            a hucht
  9. a naoi               a nee
  10. a deich             a de
  11. a haon dhéag   a hayn yayg
  12. a dódhéag       a dohyayg
  1. Cén t-am é?                 Kayn tom ay                            What time is it?
  2. Tá sé a haon a chlog.   Taw shay a hayn a chlug.       It’s one o’clock
3.2.1 Now, with a partner, try asking and telling the time (on the hour).
Cén t-am é?
1. Tá sé a haon a chlog.

3.2.2  Minutes and more

Try saying the sounds aloud
5.   cúig                                   cooig
10. deich                                 de
20. fiche                                  fihe
25. fiche cúig                          fihe cooig
¼  ceathrú                              kahroo
½  leath uair                         la oor               half an hour
Chun                                       chun                to
Tar éis                                      turaysh            past
Tá sé fiche chun a cúig.                                               It’s twenty to five.
Tá sé deich tar éis a sé.                                               It’s ten past six.

3.2.3 Try reading the time:
Cén t-am é?


3.2.4    Uimhir Gutháin                     Telephone number

Gabh mo leithscéal                              gomuleshkayl                                            Excuse me
Cad é d’uimhir gutháin, led’ thoil? Kod ay divur guhawn led hul What’s your phone no. please?
Try saying your phone number here:
Example 044 12345 would be a náid, a ceathair, a ceathair, a haon, a dó, a trí, a ceathair, a cúig


3.3 A: The Weather Lesson 3 of Basic Irish with Liam O Maonlaí

Watch, listen, read and repeat:
It is hot: Tá sé te.    It is sunny: Tá sé grianmhar.    The sky is blue: Tá an spéir gorm.    It is 25 degrees today: Tá an teocht ag fiche cúig céim inniu.   It’s a fine day: Lá breá.   It’s hot and sunny and the sky is blue today: Tá sé te agus grianmhar agus tá an spéir gorm inniu.

It is cold: Tá sé fuar.    It is cloudy: Tá sé scamallach.   The sky is grey: Tá an spéir liath.   There is a strong breeze: Tá gaoth láidir ann.   The weather is terrible: Tá an aimsir uafásach.    It’s cold today with a strong breeze: Tá sé fuar inniu agus tá an ghaoth láidir.  The sky is blue and the temperature is 25 degrees today: Tá an spéir gorm agus tá an teocht ag fiche cúig céim inniu. It is cloudy with a strong breeze today: Tá sé scamallach agus tá gaoth láidir ann inniu.

Today is cold and cloudy: Tá sé fuar agus scamallach inniu. It is hot and the sky is blue. Tá sé te agus an spéir gorm.   It is drizzling: Tá salachar báistí ann.   It’s pouring rain: Tá sé ag stealladh báistí.   There are hailstones: Tá clocha sneachta ann.  It will snow tonight: Tá sneachta air anocht.   What is the forecast?: Cad é túr na haimsire?   There are hailstones and it will snow later: Tá clocha sneachta ann agus beidh sé ag cur sneachta níos déanaí.  Is rain forecast tonight?: Bhfuil báisteach geallta anocht?

You can follow this up with flashcard practice from http://quizlet.com/10272372/irish-ceacht-3-weather-flash-cards/

3.3 B The weather with Kate Fennell http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysW3D5w8igo&feature=related

Irish History in Literature
The Irish Mythological Cycle - Ireland was invaded by five successive waves of peoples.

1.The Partholonians
Ireland was inhabited by a race of cruel, misshapen beings known as the Fomorians, thought to represent the ancient, evil gods of Ireland when Partholon, his wife Dealgnaid and their friends sailed from the west and landed in the western province of Munster on Bealtaine. When the Partholonians arrived in Ireland, it looked much different than it does today. There was only one plain, three lakes, and nine rivers. During their stay the Partholonians cleared four more plains and seven more lakes were formed. They built the first building in Ireland and the first guesthouse.
The Partholonians defeated the Fomorians and drove them from Ireland temporarily to the northern seas, from where they repeatedly returned to plague the newcomers. However in the end the Partholonians were all killed in an outbreak of plague. All died except Tuan, the son of Partholon’s brother Starn. Tuan survived alone into old age.

Seanfhocail             Proverb

I dtír na ndall, is rí é fear na leathsúile
In the land of the blind,
a man with sight in one eye is king.
Good luck!

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