Dé Luain 7 Eanáir 2013

Ceacht 2 - Tar Isteach

Gaeilge Anois  

Ceacht 2 - Tar Isteach - Come On In

                            Tar istoch   

First things first: always begin with a blessing.
Greet your teacher Dia dhuit Deeah ghit
or with the response if the teacher says it first Dia ‘s Muire dhuit Deeahs mwooire ghit.
Then go over your homework. Read it aloud. Then listen as your teacher reads each line and imitate it.
Right then, let’s move on. This lesson is about sounds, basic conversations and time.

2.0 Multiple letters – single sound

Try saying these words aloud. The bold print marks the strongest sound (stress).
1. In ai combinations, only pronounce a (short a)                 Ainm      a-nim *  (name)
2. In ui combinations, only pronounce i  (short i)                 Duine     di-neh    (person)
3. In aoi combinations, aoi ►ee              (long i)                  Chaoi     chee       (way)
4. For bhf combinations, bhf►w                                          Bfhuil     wuil           (is?)

See, it’s not so difficult after all.
*nm is too hard to pronounce so an extra vowel i is added to separate the letters.

2.1 Getting ready to talk       Read aloud         

Verb: to be               Remember the sounds of á aw, é ay, í ee, ó oh, ú oo?   
Tá mé                                                     I am
Tá tú                                                      You are
Tá sé                                                      He/ It is*
Tá sí                                                       She/It is
*As in French and Spanish and many other languages, things have gender in Irish.


2.2                Conversation 1 How are you?

The question How are you? has three variations depending on the region. Choose one.
A. Cén chaoi ‘bhfuil tú?      Kayn chee wil too?            How are you?      (Western)
Cad é mar atá tú?                 Koday mor atah too?          How are you?      (Northern)
Conas atá /tánn tú?               Kunus ataw/tawn too?        How are you?      (Southern)
B. Go maith                          Gu moh                             Well/good.
Tá mé go maith                     Taw may gu moh              I am well/good.

2.2.1 How are you? Audio with answers

Listen to the elements of a basic conversation here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5BmoCUCBCzs

All you need for now is #2 How are you? Literal translation:  Which way are you? 0:13- 0:34

A. Cén chaoi’ bhfuil tú?
Bi: Níl aon caill orm. There’s no loss on me. (I’m fine).
Bii: Tá mé togha. I’m great.
Biii: Tá mé thar cinn. I’m over my head (like walking on air – I’m excellent).
Biv: Níl aon corr orm  There’s no oddness on me. (I’m fine)
Bv: Níl aon ceall orm. There’s not a bother on me. ( I’m fine)

2..2 .2               Conversation 2 Identifying People

A. Cé hé tusa?/                        Kay hay tusa?                   Who are you?
Cad is ainm duit?                     Kod is anim dit?                 What’s your name?
B. Is mise Cliona./                   Is misheh Kleeuna.            I’m Cliona.
Cliona is ainm dom.                 Kleeuna is anim dum.       My name is Cliona.
A. Cé hé an duine sin?             Kay hay on dine shin?         Who’s that person (male)?
Cé hí an duine sin?                   Kay hee on dine shin?         Who’s that person (female)?
B. Sin é Seán.                           Shin ay Shawn.                  That is Seán.
Sin í Sinéad.                              Shin ee Shinayd.                That is Sinéad.


A: Dia dhuit.                                                     Hello
Is mise Síle.                     Is mishu Sheelu.       I’m Sheila
B: Dia ‘s Muire dhuit Síle.                                Hello  Sheila
Is mise Seán.                                                      I’m Sean.
A: Cé hé an duine sin?                                       Who’s that person?
B. Sin é Tomás.                   Shin ay Tumaws.    That’s Tomás.
A: Cé hí an duine sin?                                         Who’s that person?
B: Sin í Siobhán.                   Sin ee Shuvawn.     That’s Siobhán.

2.2.3 Conversation 3:  Borrowing something     
A: An leabhar led’ thoil.   On lower (rhymes with tower) led hul  The book please.
B: Seo dhuit                        Shu  git                                                Here you are.
A: Go raibh maith agat       Gura moha gut                      Thank you. (May you have good)
B: Tá fáilte romhat              Taw fawlte roht                         You’re welcome.

2.2.4 Useful Expressions for the Classroom.
Gabh mo leithscéal                              goh mu le shkayl                       Excuse me.
Ní thuigim                                               nee higim                               I don’t understand.
Slán                                                           slawn                                     Good bye.

2.3                             Time

Cén t-am é?                                         Kayn tom ay?                    What time is it?
clog                                                      klug                                   clock
a chlog                                                 a chlug                              o’clock
Tá sé a haon a chlog                            Taw shay a hayn a chlug.   It’s one o’clock.

1. a haon a hayn,        2. a dó a doh,             3. a trí a tree
4. a ceathair a kahir,  5.  a cúig a kooig,       6. a sé a shay
7. a seacht a shocht,  8. a hocht a hucht,       9. a naoi a nee,    10. a deich a de

2.3.1 Extra audio resource: Introductions (Liam Ó Maonlaí)

1. Hello. Dia dhuit. 2. Please let me introduce myself. Lig dom mé fhéin a chur in aithne. 3. My name is Peader. Peader is ainm dom. 4. Hi. My name is Sean. Haigh. Seán is ainm dom. 5. It’s a pleasure to meet you. Tá sé deas bualadh leat. 6. How are you? Conas tánn tú? 7. I’m fine and you? Tá mé go breá agus tú féin? 8. Good. Thank you. Go maith. Go raibh maith agat.  9. I’m from Dublin. Is as Baile Atha Cliath domsa. 11. I’m from Donegal. Is as Dún na nGall dom. 12. You’re from Kerry? Whereabouts? Is as Ciarraí dhuit? Cén áit? Kerry is a beautiful place. 13. Tá Ciarraí go hálainn. 14. Hello. Please let me introduce myself. My name is Sean. It’s a pleasure to meet you. I’m from Dublin. Are you from Kerry? Kerry is a beautiful place. Dia dhuit. Lig dom mé fhéin a chur in aithne. Seán is ainm dom. Tá sé deas bualadh leat. Is as Baile Atha Cliath dom. An as Ciarraí dhuit? Tá Ciarraí go hálainn. 15. Well, it was nice meeting you. Bhuel, deas bualadh leat. 16. Goodbye. Slán.

2.4 Irish Mythology: Bealtaine Byaltineh

May 1st is an important day in Irish mythology. Three of the five groups of invaders of Ireland arrived on this day called Lá Bealtaine.

It marked the beginning of summer in the Celtic year. All fires around the country were extinguished on this day and then new sacred fires were lit in honor of the Celtic sun god Bel. The central point and biggest festival was at the hill of Uisneach Ishnoch and from its flames other fires were lit on hills all around the land. Some people still put flowers outside their door for May 1st to welcome the May queen.

In ancient Irish law tracts, this was also a time for divorces. May was believed to be an unlucky time for marriages.

2.5 Homework

A. Telling the time

Cén t-am é?         Give the following times in Irish. Try saying them aloud.
  1. 1:00                        6. 6:00                   Answer: 1. Tá sé a haon a chlog.
  2. 2:00                        7. 7:00
  3. 3:00                        8. 8:00
  4. 4:00                        9. 9:00
  5. 5:00                        10. 10:00
B. Reading vowels     Read the underlined words aloud:

1. sa (in)                2. sár (extremely)               3. te (hot)                    4.   (person)             
5. do  (to)              6.  (to him)             7. ubh bhv (egg)             8.  úll (apple)      

*Remember o is pronounced as the o in other

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